iFund risk rating methodology is a qualitative and quantitative assessment of a single fund’s geographic and asset class focus, investment style and any potential risk factors, as measured from one (1) (lowest risk) to six (6) (highest risk). For the funds with risk rating three (3) or four (4), these are mainly aimed at providing income and capital appreciation to investors by investing primarily in balanced portfolio, including high yield bonds and global equities etc. For more details, please refer to the Due Diligence section under the Procedures page.
As low as 0.5 %
Derivatives knowledge not required
As low as 0.5 %
Derivatives knowledge not required
To maximise total return by investing at least 70% of the Fund’s assets in the stocks of companies based in, or with the majority of their business in, Europe. The Fund may also invest in emerging markets (such as Hungary, Poland and Russia).
Investment involves risks. Please refer to the offering document for details including the risk factors.
1. Investment Risks
The Fund is an investment fund. The Fund’s investment portfolio may fall in value due to any of the risk factors below and therefore your investment in the Fund may suffer losses.
2. Currency Risks
The Fund may invest in assets denominated in a currency other than the base currency of the Fund. Changes in exchange rates between such currency and the base currency and changes in exchange rate controls may adversely affect the value of the Fund’s assets.
3. Equity Risk
The values of equities fluctuate daily and a Fund investing in equities could incur significant losses. The price of equities can be influenced by many factors at the individual company level, as well as by broader economic and political developments, including changes in investment sentiment, trends in economic growth, inflation and interest rates, issuer-specific factors, corporate earnings reports, demographic trends and catastrophic events.
4. Derivatives Risks
In an adverse situation, if the use of derivatives for hedging and efficient portfolio management becomes ineffective, the Fund may suffer significant losses.
5. Emerging Market Risks
Investment in emerging markets (including certain European countries) may be subject to a higher than average volatility than more developed markets due to greater political, tax, economic, social, and foreign exchange risks.
The size and trading volume of securities markets in emerging markets may be substantially smaller than developed markets. This may subject the Fund to higher liquidity and volatility risks.
Custody and registration of assets in emerging markets may be less reliable than in developed markets, which may subject the Fund to higher settlement risk.
The Fund may be subject to higher regulatory risks due to low level of regulation, enforcement of regulations and monitoring of investors’ activities in emerging markets.
6. Foreign Investments Restrictions Risks
Some countries prohibit or restrict investment, or the repatriation of income, capital or the proceeds from sale of securities. The Fund may incur higher costs investing in these countries. Such restrictions may delay the investment or repatriation of capital of the Fund.
7. Geographical Concentration Risks
The Fund’s investments are concentrated in Europe. This may result in greater volatility than more broad-based investments. The value of the Fund may be more susceptible to adverse economic, political, policy, foreign exchange, liquidity, tax, legal or regulatory event affecting Europe.
8. Small Cap Companies Risks
Many small company stocks trade less frequently and in smaller volume, and may be subject to more abrupt or erratic price movements than stocks of large companies. The securities of small companies may also be more sensitive to market changes than the securities of large companies.
9. Currency conversion risk for Renminbi (“RMB”) denominated Classes
RMB is currently not freely convertible and is subject to exchange controls and restrictions. The Fund offers RMB denominated share classes. Subscriptions and redemptions for the Fund may involve conversion of currency. Currency conversion will be conducted at the applicable exchange rate and subject to the applicable spread.
Non-RMB based investors are exposed to foreign exchange risk and there is no guarantee that the value of RMB against the investors’ home currency will not depreciate. Any depreciation of RMB could adversely affect the value of investors’ investment in the RMB denominated share classes.
Under exceptional circumstances, payment of realisation proceeds and/or dividend payment (if any) in RMB may be delayed due to the exchange controls and restrictions applicable to RMB.
RMB is traded in both the onshore and offshore markets. While both onshore RMB (“CNY”) and offshore RMB (“CNH”) represent the same currency, they are traded in different and separate markets which operate independently. Therefore, CNY and CNH do not necessarily have the same exchange rate and their movement may not be in the same direction. When converting the base currency of the Fund to RMB for the purposes of calculating the net asset value of a share class with a RMB reference currency, the Management Company will apply the CNH rate. Any divergence between CNH and CNY may adversely impact investors.
10. Liquidity Risks
The size and trading volume of securities in the markets relevant to the Fund may be substantially smaller than developed markets. This may lead to investments in such securities becoming less liquid, making it difficult to dispose of them which may reduce the Fund’s returns/lead to losses for investors.
11. Contingent Convertible Bonds Risks
A contingent convertible bond may be converted into the issuer’s equity or be partly or wholly written off (a “write-down”) if a pre-specified trigger event occurs. Trigger levels differ and the exposure to conversion risk depends on the distance of the capital ratio to the trigger level. In case of conversion into equity, the Fund might be forced to sell these new equity shares. Such a forced sale might have an effect on market liquidity as there may not be sufficient demand for these shares. In the event of a write-down, which may be either temporary or permanent, the Fund may suffer a full, partial or staggered loss of the value of its investment. It might be difficult for the Fund to anticipate the trigger events or how the securities will behave upon conversion.
Investment in contingent convertible bonds may suffer a loss of capital. Further, contingent convertible bonds are usually subordinated to comparable non-convertible securities, and thus are subject to higher risks than other debt securities. Coupon payments on certain contingent convertible bonds may be entirely discretionary and may be cancelled by the issuer, in which event the Fund may experience losses. Investment in contingent convertible bonds may also lead to increased industry concentration risk and thus counterparty risk as such securities are issued by a limited number of banks.